of Muslim Women
The first step in maintaining obedience is the warning. If this fails to correct the wife, the second step is for the husband to refuse to share his bed with her, that is to suspend conjugal relations. If this is insufficient the third step is to administer a light beating. “The purpose of this beating is not to inflict pain but to bring the wife back to her senses and re-establish authority.”7 But “do not beat your wife on the face or in such a way as to leave a mark on her body.” (Muhammad)
The Qur’an plainly and disgracefully commands men to beat their women as soon as they show any sign of disobedience to man’s authority and orders. It states in Chapter 4:34:
”As for these from women, fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart and scourge them.”
Without any exception, all the Qur’anic expositors agree upon the meaning of this verse because it is so obvious. In their famous commentary, page 69, the Jalalan said:
”Those of you who are afraid of their disobedience which symptoms become evident to you, threaten them with the fear of God and banish them to beds apart and scourge them.”
The Zamakhshari reiterates the same opinion (al-Kash-Shaf Vol.1, p.524). Both Imam Baydawi (p.111), and Al-Tobari (p.92) repeat the same explanation. If we also search Ahkamal Qur’an (the Ordinances of the Qur’an) by the Imam Shafi’i
(Vol. 1, p.211), we read:
”In case of a husband’s ill-treatment [of his spouse], the Qur’an permits reconciliation of the spouses and arbitration, but in the case of the wife it allows scourging her.”
At the inception of Islam, we come across a very famous incident which all the Muslim chroniclers record (refer to Imam al-Nawawi: Riyad al-Salihin, “The Orchards of Righteous Men”, p.107-108),
”Umar Ibn al-Khattab came to Muhammad saying, ‘Women have dared to disobey husbands.’ He allowed their husbands to scourge them. Many women approached Muhammad complaining against their husbands because Muhammad received a verse for the Qur’an which commands their husbands to scourge them.”
In the Kash-shaf (the revealer) of al-Zamkhshari (Vol. 1, p. 525), we read the following,
”On the authority of Muhammad (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him), he said: ‘Hang up your scourge in a place where your wife (or wives) can see it.’”
Also, on the authority of Asmaa the daughter of Abu Bakr El Sedik:
”I was the fourth wife (among four) of al-Zabayr Ibn al-Awwam. Whenever he became angry at one of us he struck us with a hook rod until it was broken.”
The command to scourge women is repeated in Sahih al-Bukhari, “The Sound Tradition of al-Bukhari” (Vol.7, p.100). Ponder for a moment over Muhammad’s order to the husband: “Hang up your scourge where your wife can see it.” This is
intimidation and threat, as if a husband were telling his wife:
”Beware of disobedience, for this is the scourge which is ready to fall upon you!”
There is no security or love in Muhammad’s words or in the deeds of al-Zobayer Ibn al-Awwam, who was a relative of Muhammad, one of his companions, and one of those models whom every Muslim imitates and vies with all over the world. He was one of the ten whom Muhammad assured of paradise and one of the six whom Umar recommended for the Caliphate. This man used to scourge his wife until the wooden hook was broken, as Asmaa (the daughter of Abu Bakr El Sedik who was one of his four wives) tells us. Is there greater wife abuse than that?
All contemporary scholars attest to this fact which is obvious in the Qur’an. In the book, “You Ask and Islam Answers” (p.94 for example), Abdul-latif Mushtahiri says,
”If admonishing and sexual desertion fail to bring forth results and the woman is of a cold and stubborn type, the Qur’an bestows on man the right to straighten her out by way of punishment and beating provided he does not break her bones nor shed blood. Many a wife belongs to this querulous type and requires this sort of punishment to bring her to her senses!”
In his book, “The Individual Guarantee In the Islamic Law” (p.63), Ahmad Ahmad, a professor at the college of Law at the University of Qatar, denotes the following under the title of “Family Problems’ Solution”,
”If a woman is afraid that her husband may turn away from her or detest her, she will hasten to bring understanding and reconciliation. But if the husband is afraid that his wife may rebel against him, he hastens to bring mutual understanding by means of exhortation, then by abandonment of the bed, then by the scourging which deters.”
Did you read it?- “By the scourging which deters”. This is if the symptoms of disobedience became apparent exactly as the Jalalan, Baydawi, Zamakhshari have said and as the Saudi scholars indicated in AI-Muslimun magazine in its issue of
March 17, 1989 (page 12). I can also easily list dozens of references, both ancient and contemporary, which explain this verse (4:34). Actually, it does not need any exposition because it is self-explanatory—“...and scourge them.” It is evident that Western countries regard wife abuse as a crime punishable by law because nature itself (as well as the simplest human principle) teaches us that it is not permissible for a man to beat an animal-much less his wife!
Yet according to the Islamic faith and by distinct orders issued by the Qur’an and Muhammad, a man is allowed to scourge his wife with a peaceful conscience because he is carrying out God’s command as recorded in the Qur’an. Muhammad, the prophet of mercy and humanity who claimed that he honored women, said: “Hang up your scourge where your wife can see it.”
The Story of Job and his Wife in the Qur’an
In Chapter 38:44, the Qur’an declares that God has commanded righteous Job to beat his wife. We read:
”And (it was said unto him), ‘Take in thine hand a branch and smite therewith and break not thine oath.’”
All Muslim scholars agree on the exposition of this verse. Both Jalalan (page 383), and Baydawi (page 604) say:
”When Job’s wife was slow (to do something for him) one day, he swore to scourge her one hundred times. God told him, ‘Do not break .... oath, but take a bundle of grass in your hand or rods to beat her up with.”’
The Jalalaan say that Job took one hundred sticks and scourged her once. The Baydawi says that Job’s wife’s name is Liyya, daughter of Jacob or Rahmeh, daughter of Aphraim, son of Joseph.
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 62, Number 132:
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Zam’a:
The Prophet said, “None of you should flog his wife as he flogs a slave and then have sexual intercourse with her in the last part of the day.”
(Qur’an 4:15) YUSUFALI: If any of your women are guilty of lewdness, Take the evidence of four witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they testify, confine them to houses until death do claim them, or Allah ordain for them some (other) way.
If a woman is suspected of being gay in Pakistan, her husband can have her committed to a lunatic asylum or hope that she does the right thing and commits suicide.
Hadith Muslim (4:1982) The Prophet said, “I saw Hell also. No such (abominable) sight have I ever seen as that which I saw today; and I observed that most of its inhabitants were women. They said: Messenger of Allah, on what account is it so? He said: For their ingratitude or disbelief (bi-kufraihinna). It was said: Do they disbelieve in Allah? He said: (Not for their disbelief in God) but for their ingratitude to their husbands.”
8/3/02 IWD in Bangladesh – Protests against acid attacks
There were 338 acid attacks, 80% of them against women,
carried out across Bangladesh last year.
The International Women’s Day march in Dhaka included thousands of men and its main focus was on acid throwing.
HRAIC has called on the governments of Bangladesh, Pakistan and India to toughen their laws on acid throwing and restrict the sale of acid..
The Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Khaleda Zia says all acid throwers will henceforth be charged and that she is determined to improve the rights of women. However her four-party coalition contains two hardline Islamic parties not renowned for their promotion of women’s rights. Many Muslim men regard women as subservient to them and punish them for jilting them or talking to other men.
Whipping, beating and
verbal abuse of women not clothed in accordance with Taliban rules, or of women
unaccompanied by a mahram.
Whipping of women in public for not having their ankles covered.
Public stoning of women accused of having sex outside of marriage. (A number of lovers have been stoned to death under this rule.)
Ban on the use of cosmetics. (Many women with painted nails have had fingers cut off.)
(from http://www.rawa.org (Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan))